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Wednesday, December 20, 2017

To Be

Oleh: Awang Darmawan, S.Pd



To Be adalah kata bantu yang digunakan untuk membentuk kalimat nominal dan kalimat pasif di masing masing tense.

To Be Tidak dapat diartikan dalam bahasa Indonesia namun bisa juga dipadankan pada kata "Adalah". 

Tobe terletak sebagai predikat di dalam kalimat dan menghubungkan antara Subjek dan Objek dalam kalimat SPOK. 

Beberapa Fungsi To Be : 

1. Menghubungkan antara Subjek dan Kata Sifat (Adjective). 
2. Menghubungkan Antara Subjek dan Kata Benda (Noun) 
3. Menghubungkan antara Subjek dan Kata Keterangan (Adverb) 
4. Menghubungkan antara Subjek dan Verb Ing dalam Simple Continous tense. 
5. Menghubungkan Antara Subjek dan V3 dalam Passive Voice (Kalimat Pasif) 

1. Menghubungkan antara Subjek dan Kata Sifat (Adjective). 

S+Tobe +Adjective 

I am Handsome
She Is Beautiful 
We Are Rich 
The Car is Fast

2. Menghubungkan Antara Subjek dan Kata Benda (Noun) 

S+Tobe+Noun 

I am a teacher
She is a doctor 
It is a Car
These are some Cakes 

3. Menghubungkan antara Subjek dan Kata Keterangan (Adverb) 

S+Tobe+Adverb


I am Here 
She is between you and me 
We are there everyday 
It is Around Us 

4. Menghubungkan antara Subjek dan Verb Ing dalam Simple Continous tense. 

S+Tobe+Verb Ing 

- I am Watching Tv Now 
- She is Cooking Now 
- My Father is Sleeping Now 
- They are Playing Football Now 

5. Menghubungkan Antara Subjek dan V3 dalam Passive Voice (Kalimat Pasif) 

S+To be+V3 

- I am Called by my mom 
- The Movie is Watched by Us 
- Your Match will be Held on July 
- It is Driven by my Mom


Tobe Dapat Berubah ketika berada di dalam tense yang berbeda. Tabel Di bawah ini adalah tobe yang memiliki arti sama namun penggunaanya berbeda.

Pronoun
To be
Present
Past
Continuous
Future
Perfect
I
Am
Was
Am being
Will be
Have been
You
Are
Were
Are being
Will be
Have been
They
Are
Were
Are  being
Will be
Have been
We
Are
Were
Are being
Will be
Have been
She
Is
Was
Is being
Will be
Has been
He
Is
Was
Is being
Will be
Has been
It
Is
Was
Is being
Will be
Has been

Contoh :
I am an english teacher.
I was an english teacher two years ago.
I am being an english teacher Now.
I will be an english teacher Next month.
I have been an english teacher since two year ago.

Dari Contoh diatas kita tahu bahwa terdapat perbedaan pada To be di masing masing tense dan Tobe juga dapat mengindikasikan Tense atau waktu kapan kejadiam itu terjadi. 

mari belajar bahasa Inggris. semoga artikel ini bermanfaat. jangan lupa bagikan ke semua teman teman kamu. selamat belajar. 

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